Purbanchal University was established in 1993 and was visualized as an extraordinary endeavour by the Government of Nepal to create an academic centre of excellence in the Eastern Development Region of Nepal. Its prime role was outlined to act as a catalytic agent for the promotion of socio-economic transformation in Nepal through quality education appropriate for a quality life and sustainable future.

Since its establishment, the university is motivated by its fundamental objective of preserving, refining, inventing, adopting, extending, and transmitting knowledge in an environment that fosters free enquiry and open scholarly debate, leading to the all-encompassing development of the rural people and their economies and environment.